You may picture people doing amazing feats of strength on the rings, or bodies doing incredible flips on a 4-inch beam.
These images only represent a few of the many types of gymnastics that are common. There are seven types of official gymnastics. Let’s take a look at all types of gymnastics.
1. Artistic Gymnastics
Artistic Gymnastics is the most popular type of gymnastics and the one that sells the most tickets at the Olympics. It consists of short routines on various apparatuses lasting between 30-90 seconds. Further, the sport can be divided into women-only events and men-only events.
Women’s Artistic Gymnastics
Women’s Artistic Gymnastics attracts the largest number of participants and is the most popular type of gymnastics. It is also one of the most popular tickets at the Olympic Games.
The events: Women’s artistic gymnastics features four apparatus, including a vault, uneven bars, balance beam, and floor exercise.
Competition: This is the Olympic women compete.
- Five athletes make up a team. In the future, this will be reduced to four. Preliminaries are four athletes competing in each event. Three scores count. Finals see three athletes competing in each event. Each score counts towards the total team score.
- Individual all-around: A competitor competes in all four events, and the total score is added.
- Individual events: Each apparatus has a champion for each event.
This is the most well-known form in gymnastics, with the greatest number of participants.
Four races offer women the opportunity to compete for individual or team titles:
- uneven parallel bars,
- Do floor exercise.
Female gymnastics can be described as a combination of strength, flexibility, and elegance.
Men’s Artistic Gymnastics
Men’s artistic gymnastics is the second most popular form of gymnastics in America and the oldest.
Events: Men compete in six apparatus: still rings, vault and parallel bars, as well as floor exercise, horse, pommel horse and still rings.
Olympic Competition: Olympic competition follows the same format and structure as women’s artistic gymnastics. It features a team, all around, and individual events competition. The only difference is that men compete in six of the four events while women compete in the other four.
Both WAG and MA require endurance, coordination, and strength. However, the former emphasizes strength while the latter is more artistic.
2. Trampoline Gymnastics (TRG)
Although trampoline training is an essential part of any gymnastics program it has also branched out into its own discipline and was officially inducted into the Olympic Games in 2000. TRG uses high-flying maneuvers such as jumps, twists, and somersaults in fast-moving routines to create an amazing spectacle. TRG can be divided into individual, synchronized, and double-mini events.
In the Olympic competitions, both a compulsory and a voluntary routine must be performed. Each competition consists of ten skills, and each is performed on the same trampoline.
Double mini (gymnasts use smaller, two-level trampolines) and synchronized are competitive events in the U.S.A. but not in the Olympics.
Competition: trampoline gymnastics has an individual event for both men and women. The qualifying event is required to qualify for the medal round, but the scores don’t carry over.
So, trampolining/tumbling includes four events: individual and synchronized trampoline and double mini trampoline. Individual trampoline has been part of the Olympic Games since 2000. 1964 was the year of the first World Championships.
Power Tumbling elevates trampoline training and adds artistic gymnastics to trampolining. This is where competitors perform two passes over a 25-meter track. Each time, they display a set of eight skills. To properly perform power tumbling, one must have great spatial awareness, strength, and coordination.
All tumbling takes place on the same strip. Each stage has eight elements and the gymnast must perform two passes.
Competition: Twisting is not an Olympic event but is part of the Junior Olympic Program in the United States. It also competes internationally.
Watch it: Power tumbling at Canadian nationals
4. Rhythmic Gymnastics (RG)
Rhythmic gymnastics can only be performed by women at the moment. It is characterized by graceful movements that emphasize agility using ropes, hoops, balls, ropes, and ribbons. RG can be broken down into individual or team events, and it is often practiced with music. Rhythmic gymnastics art form combines elements from ballet, dance, and apparatus manipulation to show dexterity and endurance, hand-eye coordination, and dexterity.
Competition: The Olympics sees rhythmic gymnasts competing in:
- Individual all-around: A competitor competes in four of five events (every 2 years, one apparatus rotates out), and the total score is added.
- Individual events: One gymnast is named champion for each of the four apparatus in rotation.
- Group competition of rhythmic gymnastics: Five gymnasts compete against each other in two routines. All of the gymnasts use the same apparatus in one routine. The gymnasts use two pieces of equipment in the second routine. For example, three gymnasts will use a ball, while two gymnasts will use a hoop.
FIG rules state that rhythmic gymnastics is only for women. This sport combines elements from ballet and gymnastics with dance and apparatus manipulation. Five separate routines are performed using five apparatus: ball, ribbon and hoop, clubs, rope, and clubs–on a large floor. The emphasis is on the artistic rather than the acrobatic. Group routines can be performed by five gymnasts using 5 different apparatuses. Rhythmic routines score out of a possible 30-point score. The score for artistry (choreography, music) and the score for difficulty are combined and added to the score of execution.
6. Acrobatic Gymnastics
Acrobatic gymnastics has the best displays of strength, coordination, and coordination. This is a sport that does not require any equipment. There are three types of acrobatic moves that can be performed by 2-4 teams of gymnasts: balance and dynamic exercises that emphasize strength and throws catches, and somersaults. Finally, there is a combined routine that uses elements from both. Acrobatic gymnastics is known for its daring, often dangerous maneuvers.
All events: Acrobatics are always done on the same floor exercise.
There were four events: mixed pairs, men’s and women’s pairs.
Competition: Although acrobatic gymnastics is not part of the Olympics, it is part of the U.S. The Junior Olympic program is internationally competitive.
7. Group Gymnastics
In the United States, group gymnastics is often performed competitively under TeamGym. Athletes compete in TeamGym as a team of six to sixteen gymnasts. The group can be mixed, all-female or all-male.
The events TeamGym participants compete in the US’s group jump event (performances of tumbling, vault, and mini-trampoline), and the group floor exercise.
Competition: TeamGym does not qualify for the Olympics, but it is used in invitational meets in the United States as well as national, regional, and international competitions.
Other Types Of Gymnastics
Gymnastics gyms often specialize in one discipline, while most gyms focus on artistic gymnastics. Gymnastics gyms offer many classes, regardless of their specialization. These are some of the classes you might find:
Parents & Tot, or Mom & Toy Class
Gymnastics can be started in a parent and tot class once your child is able to walk. It is an ideal way for your child to learn balance and coordination while you are there. Gymnastics gyms offer a great place to learn, with padded floors and plenty of learning tools such as trampolines, foam pits and special mats.
Crossfit seems to be the newest craze. Crossfit is a program for physical fitness that increases strength, flexibility, endurance, and coordination. It incorporates elements of weight lifting and gymnastics with aerobic exercise. Crossfit is a popular choice for adults and teenagers.
Crossfit is offered by some gyms. This link links to the gym directory. Parents can exercise while their children learn gymnastics.
Gymnastic classes can improve patient’s health. They are performed under the supervision and guidance of a physician.
Therapeutic gymnastics is used to treat diseases of the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, and muscles.
Aerobic Fitness Acrobatic
Aerobic gymnastics, also known as Sport Aerobics, involves performing routines with individuals, pairs, and trios. It can also include aerobic dance and step (8 people). The emphasis is on strength, flexibility, and aerobic fitness, rather than acrobatic and balance skills. All senior trios and mixed couples were required to perform on the larger (10x10m) floor starting in 2009. Routines typically last between 60 and 90 seconds, depending on the age of the participant and the category. Since 1995, the World Championships are held.
Military-Applied Types Of Gymnastics
This improves the capabilities required for military operations.
Professional athletes use these elements when they prepare for competitions.
Professional-Applied Types of Gymnastics
Certain professions that require physical exertion are best suited for exercises. These complexes are used by pilots, astronauts, firefighters, rescuers, and other professionals.
Gymnastics for all, also known as general gymnastics, allows people of all abilities and ages to compete in groups of 6 to 150 athletes. They can also perform choreographed, synchronized routines. Troupes can be made up of either gender and separated into age groups. The quadrennial World Gymnaestrada, which was held for the first time in 1939, is the largest gymnastics exhibition. Gymnastics for all was first recognized as a sports program by the FIG (International Gymnastics Federation) in 1984. The FIG later added national gymnastic federations around the world, with over 30 million participants. Gymnastics for all is considered beneficial because it does not compete.
What are the 6 types of gymnastics?
There are six types of gymnastics, Artistic and Rhythmic, Trampoline. Power Tumbling, Acrobatics, and Aerobics. Three of these are included in the Tokyo Olympics 2021. Different types of gymnastics require different skills such as balance, flexibility, and strength.
What are classification of gymnastics?
Over time, gymnastics has developed to include 4 main disciplines: Artistic and Rhythmic, Trampoline and Tumbling. Some gymnastics gyms offer additional programs such as cheerleading and crossfit.
What is the hardest type of gymnastics?
Biles created a new vault for women’s artistic gymnastics in spring 2021, The Yurchenko Double Pike vault. This is, to us, the most difficult gymnastics move in all of the worlds.