The history of Rhythmic Gymnastics can be traced as far back as 1814 by Per Henrik Ling. Ling promoted aesthetic gymnastics in which students expressed their feelings and emotions through bodily movement but it was still calisthenics without apparatus. Then it 1864 proponents of the activity began utilizing wooden hoops, light dumbbells, and Indian clubs. Indian clubs became a favorite exercise tool with entire books being written for club exercises. A rope was first used by a Swedish group around the 1930’s. The Hoop became more popular after a demonstration at the 1936 Olympic Games.
Ellen Nyemcsik was kind enough to also furnish the following: “The Floor event was called Exercise without Implement. It was a Rhythmic Gymnastics dance routine performed to music without using the apparatus. Exercise without Implement was part of FIG All Around competition years ago. But as the sport developed, the FIG eventually changed the program to 4 events using all 4 of the apparatus. All of our current USA Gymnastics Junior Olympic program competitors (in Levels 3-8) have this floor event as part of the regular All-Around competition today. Our USA gymnasts compete in the Floor event until they reach the FIG level (Levels 9-10). Then they compete only with the apparatus at these high levels.” http://eliterg.com/history.html (Elite RG.com)
OlympicGames: Team member, Rhythmic AA-14th AA, Los Angeles, CA, (1984); Rhythmic AA-22nd, Seoul, Korean, (1988). WorldGymnasticChampionships: Team member-Rhythmic AA, (1981 & ‘83). NationalChampionships; Michelle was a member of the US National team seven times and won Gold-Rhythmic AA at least once. Honors: Twice awarded Athlete of the Year for Rythmic gymnastics. General: Michelle began gymnastic training at age nine, and at age 12 shifted her interests to the sport of Rhythmic Gymnastics. She moved to Los Angeles at the completion of her gymnastic competitive years and worked in the entertainment field appearing in the American music Awards, Micael Jackson’s Dangerous world Tour, The 1995 Oscar presentations and an appearance in Quinten Tarantino’s film From Duck to Dawn.Family. m. Joseph Schneider. Two children.
Sources: Jerry Wright author of Gymnastics Who’s Who, 2005 (2nd Ed.) & .